import 4.code.options;
import 4.code.about;

class Header{

public void title(){

String fullTitle = "/an/ - Animals & Nature";

public void menu();

public void board();

public void goToBottom();

public void refresh(a);

class Thread extends Board{
public void /Fungi/(OP Anonymous){

String fullTitle = "/Fungi/";
int postNumber = "2818197";
String image = "8109313823_93e7bbc1c0_b.jpg";
String date = "09/17/18(Mon)17:27:00";
String comment = "Fungi thread, Amanita muscaria edition.

Where you can post about fungi to your hearts' desire!

Identification posts are encouraged, but please make it easy on the identifiers by taking some specific photos:
>Photo of mushroom unpicked, in it's habitat
>In focus photo of the gills and stem
>Detailed photo of the cap texture and any other notable features
>Your region and local, nation/country/state/principality, as detailed as you feel comfortable.

General fungi questions and thoughts are encouraged!
For a quick guide on easy mushroom cultivation, refer to this:
Ask any questions it brings up within the thread. The topic of cultivation is encouraged"

public void comments(){
if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818202 && dateTime=="09/17/18(Mon)17:30:16")

"Where's the discord link?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818204 && dateTime=="09/17/18(Mon)17:31:37" && image=="Prototaxite land fungi.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818257 && dateTime=="09/17/18(Mon)18:28:02")

Discord is cancer. It kills on-site discussion on an already slow board. Fuck discord."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818269 && dateTime=="09/17/18(Mon)18:42:39" && image=="birds-nest-fungus.gif")

See the pastebin offered in the OP.
You can also grow some small and colorful species by taking the log they're on and bringing it home, then placing inside some kind of chamber to maintain humidity while also allowing airflow. Many species will fruit continuously under those conditions.

Me too! I really like the concept of the rain-bellow. There are all kinds of cool adaptations that fungi have to take advantage of raindrop kinetics. The splash cup in Nidularia(oids) is a great example, where a raindrop hits a bowl-shaped sporocarp, and launches little spore-packets around.

I think a lot of people have a very narrow view of just how many fungi there are. People tend to lump things into three categories: deadly, edible, and psychoactive. I think this happens when people fail to understand the humongous diversity in fungi, the fact that there are literally thousands of mushrooms that meet the description of " all round headed (like a magic mushroom) and it was growing with many others".

They're a really old group of organisms, and sex poses a great means for speciation and diversity. The only thing all mushrooms have in common is their role in dispersing sexual spores.

Pretty, some Laccaria species."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818571 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)00:20:38" && image=="IMG_20180916_115913-1248x1664.jpg")

"The previous thread was the best /fungi/ for a while with actually good coversation. Hopefully this will be as comfy.

Here's Suillus luteus from few days ago. You have to peel the slimy "film" off to render it edible, but it's pretty easy to do so and they taste really good."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818582 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)00:29:39" && image=="IMG_20180916_114406-1248x1664.jpg")

"In the previous thread there was talk about this species. Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca can be misidentified as Cantharellus especially with people new to mushrooms. They have their own distinct features and when you have seen a few specimens in wild there really isn't a chance of misidentification in my opinion. Edibility and toxicity information varies so there might be regional variance but they are generally not recommended.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818885 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)09:26:49" && image=="IMG_2565.jpg")

"had found what i believed was chicken of the woods in a suburb area, but people who ate it had gastric distress. what gives? did I misidentify or is that just something cotw does? picrel";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818892 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)09:38:02")

That does indeed look like chicken but i'm no expert. However there have been reports about adverse reaction after consumption. As i understand it this mostly happens when combined with notable amounts of alcohol or if it grew on certain trees. Specifically hemlock if I remember correctly."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818904 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)09:54:48" && image=="IMG_2566.jpg")

interesting, i had another picture. it is also on a college campus so i figured maybe it's some sort of pesticide issue. very weird, probably shouldn't eat urban shrooms"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2818914 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)10:05:33")

"Had nearly 12 lbs of Mushrooms grow in my yard because of rains from Florence..";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819207 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)17:00:47" && image=="40895904_2117042861959947_4406990948001644544_n.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819213 && dateTime=="09/18/18(Tue)17:07:09")

>the sacred sponge of density
at last!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819642 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)00:22:46")

Yeah, really glad with how it went. The season is picking up right now, so people have things to post and ask about. I find that general interest is peaked right about now.

I've tried eating almost every Suillus in my area, and I'm not a fan. The only application I liked was to powder them and use it as a soup thickener, which I'm sure you can imagine worked amazingly.
I'm probably biased though, I don't even really like the fancy boletes like "Kings".

Speaking of fancy boletes, I am visiting family in Austin, Texas, and I found a really cool species for the first time. There's all kinds of cool new species I haven't seen before, the diversity is totally different.
These are Boletus luridellus, I don't know if they have a common name yet. Bright gold boletes that stain deep blue upon handling or slicing. I also fried some up and ate them for the first time. Comparable to king boletes I would say, dense and savory, but not too much of a potent taste. Actually comparable to fried potato slices, in terms of texture and taste.

I like to tell people that once you know the difference between gills and folds, you will have no trouble comfortably distinguishing from any and all lookalikes of Chanterelles. A big tip I give is: Gills have sharp edges, and if you run a finger roughly across them, they break and lay flat, or atleast bend and angle. If you do the same thing with folds, even delicate sharp folds, they will neither move or smash down. It also demonstrates the textural difference between the two.
A cross-section to reveal the edge will also show the obvious difference.

Yeah, Laetiporus. If you're in the East, probably L. sulphureus, if in the west, L. gilbertsonii."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819653 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)00:31:00")

The stomach upset thing is somewhat contentious. It is undoubted that they cause severe upset in some people, but the reasons are a little more cloudy. Based on the NAMA 30-year poisoning study, the two species on the West Coast have caused proportionately more poisonings, even though there are more species, and more people eating them on the East Coast.

The idea that the substrate they grows on being involved in poisoning risk is unsupported. There are two species in the West, one that grows on conifer (almost always hemlock, but also Doug Fir, Spruce, less commonly Pine) and one that grows on a motley of hardwoods. Contrary to the common belief that hemlock COTW causes more issues, the hardwood chicken, L. gilbertsonii has caused proportionately more poisonings. The proportionate word is key there, for the following reasons.

The hardwood chicken is way less common in the area, and the vast majority of the COTW people eat comes off of hemlock. Because there are more people eating hemlock chicken, it is inevitable that most poisoning cases come from people who've eaten these. Just because more people eat hemlock-COTW, more people report poisonings from hemlock, so the myth is further confirmed in the eyes of some.

To make things even more confusing, undercooked Laetiporus from any tree will cause serious poisoning. One small study by a guy in my area involved differing cooking times and methods to see how it would affect the nausea/vomiting outcome, and they were directly related. There was a clear line where specimens boiled for less than 15 minutes would have a much higher rate of causing nausea but those that were boiled for 15+ minutes caused nausea for none of the participants. It's likely that the vast majority of poisonings don't represent poisonous specimens or substrates, but that people just undercook it. For this reason I always recommend thin slices cooked all the way through carefully, and 10 minutes boiling before deepfrying."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819656 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)00:32:03" && image=="IMG_20180918_224219_232.jpg")

Forgot image."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819657 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)00:33:10" && image=="20180918_193356.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819658 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)00:33:55")

Go to hell mother fucker"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819825 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)06:56:23")

This is a slime mold, technically not a fungus"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819890 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)08:45:04")

You're mums a slime mold"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819943 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)10:03:13")

Cool, I haven't even heard of that Boletus species. The blueing reaction seems almost identical to Leccinum vulpinum. I haven't picked any this autumn, but I usually do every year. They are in my opinion the only Leccinum around here worth picking. Boletus edulis is pretty much the only Boletus around here almost at the arctic circle and that makes identification pretty easy but rather boring to be honest.

We talked earlier about the variation in edibility information and how it releates to cultural and biological factors. It seems to usually work in a way that we eat pretty much all the species that others won't use, but it works other way too. We have quite a lot of Tricholoma matsutake in Nordic, but there's really no tradition of using them while japanese pay crazy amounts for them and consider them a delicacy. I have tried them, but to me they stink of really cheap perfume to an vomiting extent. To me they are unedible."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819946 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)10:09:17")

"I live in the coastal region of Georgia, USA. I know that chicken in the woods should be in season still. What other mushrooms should be looking for?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819962 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)10:25:50" && image=="IMG_20180918_144942829.jpg")

"Hi anons,
I'm studying public health, and collected some badboys here, but I don't have mycology ter, so it is kinda weird to me. Just by looking, can you identify some? for fun tho
I will learn about them some day"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2819964 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)10:27:56" && image=="IMG_20180918_145004596.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2820161 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)14:33:27")

Even mycologists have trouble identifying mold to species. There's just way too many.
That said, the flat gray colonies, one with droplets, are potentially Penicillium, the wrinkled brown one bottom left may be Aspergillus, the wrinkly flat one is almost certainly some kind of yeast, and I can't help you on the white right one, or flat white one meshed with the Penicillium.

Microscopy of the conidiophores are needed for a real ID, that's just guesswork with a high chance of being incorrect.

unreadable squiggle- unknown
1(?)- Aspergillus

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2820171 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)14:38:42")

Yeah, it was an awesome find. In my area, there's been enough poisoning cases linked to Leccinum species that they are no longer recommended for the table. It's odd, seeing as how I was brought up to view them as choice. I don't really like any that I've tried, too much of a soft and squishy boletey texture and no real flavor. I haven't tried all that many species though

I agree, the matsutake can be overpowering in terms of their cinnamon scent and flavor. I find that they go best in soups that have a little bit of sweetness.
Here in the PNW it's a huge industry, they place tolls and taxes on everyone who is harvesting, and have strict permit systems to collect them. Without any kind of permit, you are limited to 6 specimens, and they must be sliced in half before you leave the area, to remove market value.
It seems extreme, but makes sense based on the local value. At the start of the season, a single grade-A unopened button can be worth 75$ alone. Some people make their whole years-worth of income, 40,000 USD+, in just the mushroom season. Occasionally people get shot over territory disputes.

Hen of the woods near oak, various Amanita species, Boletes, potentially early chanterelles if you have those. Not too familiar with Georgia but almost anywhere with forests, especially oaks, will have that set of species."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2820386 && dateTime=="09/19/18(Wed)19:03:14" && image=="IMG_20180918_183803806.jpg")

Wow, thank you. Oh, I know it is very difficulty to identify by this way, but at least, now I have these colonies names to search. And Certainly I will check these conidiophores, after isolate each colony. Appreciate tour help."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2820997 && dateTime=="09/20/18(Thu)14:28:43")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2821067 && dateTime=="09/20/18(Thu)15:53:55")


Awesome I'm going to get it there this weekend and see what I can find. I really hope to find some of the species you listed."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2821081 && dateTime=="09/20/18(Thu)16:18:33" && image=="41954799_2142278776099684_7512545065160409088_o.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2821612 && dateTime=="09/21/18(Fri)10:09:43")

Post your finds to this thread. I'm going tomorrow, let's see if there's anything interesting."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2821996 && dateTime=="09/21/18(Fri)19:40:57" && image=="DSC01293.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823010 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)22:58:16")

found something, probably not interesting but my first (hopefully) find.

a little bit of dried up old turkey tail, picrel. let me know if my id is correct, it's a shitty sample and the wood it grew on only had them sparsely. unsure because usually there are huge clumps in photos. bottom has lots of pores, taking spore print now!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823011 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)22:59:20" && image=="image.jpg")

oops here"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823016 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:07:28" && image=="Fly_Agaric_mushroom_04.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823020 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:08:54" && image=="fungus-3.png")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823024 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:11:57" && image=="DSC02971.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823028 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:14:00" && image=="a Rhodotus_palmatus_19776.jpg")

"nothing deep to say , just some bitchen mushrooms";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823037 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:17:36" && image=="black_morel.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823041 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:19:05" && image=="TroopingCrumbleCap.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823043 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:20:16" && image=="blue-mushroom-wallpaper-for-ipad-2,2560x1920,ipad-3-wallpaper,808.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823044 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:21:16" && image=="forest_mushrooms_3008x2000.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823046 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:23:36" && image=="5268218832_87e5ee10d7_o.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823048 && dateTime=="09/22/18(Sat)23:25:30" && image=="e834325c14fab595dcdc6f56428dde4a-d32yh1f copy 2.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823093 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)01:03:43")

Unofortunately I'm unable to id this. There's a real mycologist in this thread, maybe he can identify it. I'm not at all familiar with polypores and we don't have this species so most of them look pretty same to me. For id purposes I suggest to take a closer pic from both sides as pores or tubes can have relevant information. Spore print is a good idea in this case as theres's hundreds of polypore species and at least to me, they can look quite similar. I'll make a trip to forest today if I have time and post my finds."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823202 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)04:14:18" && image=="IMG_20180923_102108-1248x1664.jpg")

"Cortinarius sanguineus from today. Unedible species, but can be used to dye wool or fabric. I have tried it a couple of times and they produce bright and fade resistant deep blood read colour. Propably one of the most tedious mushrooms to pick, as they grow in wet soil and they are tiny. You can spend hours in picking them and only get a couple of hundred grams of fresh mushrooms.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823208 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)04:20:45" && image=="IMG_20180923_103641-1248x1664.jpg")

"Hygrophorus olivaceoalbus also from today. Edible and tasty species, but rather small, so usually not worth picking them. Sometimes you find lots of them at the same place, but usually only a couple.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823770 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)18:31:19" && image=="99B4DC14-BEC4-4B71-8DDB-414A89086A3E.jpg")

"Found me a Calvatia species (probably C. cyathiformis) in great condition.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823841 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)19:46:32" && image=="IMG_20180923_131900.jpg")

"Found a bunch of chicken fat bolete at least that's what I believe. Cooked them up today in a lil bit of butter n salt. Was really good.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823843 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)19:47:38" && image=="IMG_20180923_153135.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823844 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)19:48:48" && image=="IMG_20180923_140538.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823847 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)19:50:03" && image=="IMG_20180921_170748.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2823852 && dateTime=="09/23/18(Sun)19:52:22" && image=="IMG_20180921_170744.jpg")

Hamurger on a stick mushroom"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2824399 && dateTime=="09/24/18(Mon)12:06:43")

how do you tell if something is ajnedible bolete again?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2824638 && dateTime=="09/24/18(Mon)17:53:49" && image=="IMG_20180924_170709.jpg")

Well I researched for like two hours on different boletes. Couldn't find any detrimental that matched what I had and I did the ol "if it's bitter, it's a spitter". I've never paid attention to mushroom identification until yesterday.

Pic is a little guy I found a little bit ago. Looking it up now"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2824889 && dateTime=="09/24/18(Mon)21:28:51")

just did some research too, there seem to be 3:

bitter, no
red pores, no
stains blue, no

this is for beginners though. there are some with red pores that are edible but can be confused with some that are not. also, b. huronensis is apparently possibly poisonous (looks like b edulis but without reticulation and slightly stains blue).

good luck! i'm just an armchair mycologist at the moment but this is just what i found today."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825106 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)02:04:53")

>bitter, no
>red pores, no
>stains blue, no

Those kind of lists can be handy for beginners, but in reality they rarely useful and can be dangerous in certain situations. The thing is that you could be writing to each other from different sides of the continent or from a different country. What suits other locations doesn't necesseraly do so in others.

What I would suggest is to do some research and buy a respected field guide for your area be it a state or a country. Relevant information is all over the web, but a good field guide can still be much more useful. I have a couple and I use the better one every fall. If I find for example a bolete I flip through the bolete pages and usually identify it really fast. The thing is that in identification you rarely have to mind about species that can not be found in your area, what you find is more likely than not a very common species and that's where the location specific field guides come in to play.

I live in Finland and and I have one british field guide. That's pretty much useless, because half of the species can not be found here and even the local variation in appearance of the mushrooms can vary widely with same species.

So, invest in a good field guide and do the web search after that and see if it confirms your initial thoughts. I suggest not to rely on lists about features and instead learning each species separately. If you learn five new species every year, you know most of the common species in a few years."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825123 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)02:45:13")

It is a fungus. Not a higher fungus, like a member of the Fungi Kingdom. But a fungi (lowercase "f") nonetheless. Talk to your neighborhood mycologist."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825362 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)11:15:46")

"Anyone knows what sort of mushroom is this?
I found it 4 years ago and this thread reminded it to me.
Location is central europe.

Also few weeks ago a watched joe rogans podcast with Paul Stamets.
Highly recomend to anyone. It blew my mind. Probably going to read mycelium running next to learn more about different fungi."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825363 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)11:16:52" && image=="2014-08-28 18.20.35.jpg")

forgot picture"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825386 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)12:00:34")

Nothing I have seen previously. Was the colour really that purple?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825395 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)12:08:04")

Yup. Maybe oven more then the picture shows.
I've never seen anything like that. I have old book with pictures of local mushrooms and no luck."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825408 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)12:23:33")

I thought that this would have been the first time my british field guide would have actually been useful, but there's nothing even remotely similar. It's a bit hard to see from the picture, but it seems that theres gills in that. If that's the case, that's quite likely a mutation or a result of some disease as there should't be any gilled mushroom that looks like that. At least to my knowledge. It's quite common to see mutated or otherwise strange specimens of common species. I see them every year. If there actually was gills in your specimen, my best guess would be a mutated or diseased Laccaria amethystea. It should be fairly common in central europe and the color matches. Could be something totally different though, but if you browse google image search with the latin name, some of them come fairly close."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825464 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)13:14:24")

I have few other photos, but they are mostly the same anglu but smudged.
Laccaria amethystea has exactly the same color but I think it didnt have any gills.
Yeah could be some mutation who knows, mushrooms are weird."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825478 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)13:26:28" && image=="mushroom 1.jpg")

"I found this mushroom about a year ago under a cherry tree. I think it was growing from the dead leaves. I only took pictures of this one after my dog knocked it over.

I think it was around this time of year since I found another one about the same size a few days ago but that one was rotted and mangled beyond recognition."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825481 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)13:29:53" && image=="mushroom 2.jpg")

Here's a top view though it's a bit blurry. It was in the UK."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825506 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)13:57:07")

There seems to be white milk where the gills have bruised. Looks like Lactarius, but there's quite a lot of species and they can look very similar. Would propably need a bit better pics, but something like Lactarius vietus propably isn't far off."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825512 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)14:04:20")

Thanks. I took the picture of the mushroom the day after I first saw it so it's a bit discoloured which probably makes identification impossible. I just wanted to make sure it wasn't something feeding off the tree's roots or anything. If I see any more I'll post better pictures."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825523 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)14:08:47")

If it actually is a lactarius it doesn't grow on debris. They form a symbiotic relationship with trees, but luckily for you the relationship is mutually beneficial. Lactarius doesn't make the trees to rot."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825549 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)14:38:39")

Well that's good to hear. Might explain why the tree's grown so well despite the fact that I planted it when I was a kid and never made any effort to look after it. I'll have to read up on what symbiotic fungi actually do."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825596 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)15:32:36")

Not a fungus actually. Slime molds were once considered apart of the fungi kingsom but DNA analysis now shows they are actually a bunch of unrelated microscopic eukaryotic cells that aggregate together, kind of like the Portuguese man o' war."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825764 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)18:31:09" && image=="20180914_154131.jpg")

"I found this growing on a tree, its soft but has a hard cartilage like core, kinda feels like a nose. cant find anything on it.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825765 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)18:33:54" && image=="20180914_154100.jpg")

"is this an immature purple puff ball? upstate NY for this and the nose thing";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825965 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)22:02:36" && image=="DSC_7503d.jpg")

"This evening I found a lot of solider beetle larva that crawled up into the tops of plants. One had sprouted these things. It is some fungi obviously, but I've never seen a cordyceps that looked like this so it is most likely something else. The others barely have anything on them in comparison. Does anyone here recognize the fungi?

Zone 5, Eastern USA."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2825969 && dateTime=="09/25/18(Tue)22:04:04")

I think it may be some sort of "Laboulbeniales" since there are structures like that, but I've not seen one with the additional orbs."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826306 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)10:02:18" && image=="20180926_094626.jpg")

"Just found this, biggest shroom i've seen in my neck of the woods (WV). What exactly is it?


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826307 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)10:03:24" && image=="20180926_094632.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826308 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)10:04:29" && image=="20180926_094639.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826314 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)10:22:34")

Did you taste it? Looks like Tylopilus felleus to me. They are really bitter."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826317 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)10:33:37")

Took a few nibbles and it doesn't taste particularly strong or bitter"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826330 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)11:27:25")

Looks to me like boletus edulis. I'm no expert though."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826338 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)11:39:54")

Definitely not. B. edulis has white netting on stem, while black/brown netting is a distinct feature of different Tylopilus species."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826341 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)11:43:12")

I would say some species in Tylopilus family. Mostly resembles a T. felleus, but the lack of bitter taste would imply that it would be a different species in the same genus."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826358 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)12:20:21")

thats an insane shot what camera/lens?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826376 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)12:42:16" && image=="DSC_7533d.jpg")

Specs are in this image in the top left corner. The paper tube as since been painted all black on the outside. The camera is an entry level Nikon D3400. I bought the lens off eBay and it had oil on some elements and the aperture. I had to take it apart a bit to clean all that off."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826873 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)20:57:45" && image=="Screenshot_2018-09-26-20-48-26-1-1.png")

">Photo of mushroom unpicked, in it's habitat
See pic related
>In focus photo of the gills and stem
See follow up
>Detailed photo of the cap texture and any other notable features
See follow up
>Your region and local, nation/country/state/principality, as detailed as you feel comfortable.
Canada, ontario, about 1hour away from north bay"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2826879 && dateTime=="09/26/18(Wed)21:03:54" && image=="20180922_133922-1.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2827028 && dateTime=="09/27/18(Thu)00:05:27")

Definitely a Hygrocybe. Once again, I'm not that familiar with your local species, but the genus is quite clear from the pictures. My guess would be Hygrocybe conica, but there's a lot of species in that genus and I'm not familiar with all of those so could be some of the other reddish Hygrocybe as well."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2827098 && dateTime=="09/27/18(Thu)02:12:24")

After looking into it a bit, I'm quite sure that it is H. conica. Other reddish Hygrocybe doesn't show that distinct conical shape. Good pictures btw. Just taking a picture of the cap from above makes identification pretty much impossible with most of the species. Gills and stem are just as, if not even more, important to identification. Habitat is also important, if there's a bit of surroundings also in the picture that can give you important clues."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2827282 && dateTime=="09/27/18(Thu)09:31:22" && image=="IMG_20180725_181401.jpg")

"I'm interested in getting a microscope for looking at spores. I've heard you need 400-1000x magnification to get good images. How much would one of these cost me?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2827321 && dateTime=="09/27/18(Thu)10:46:58" && image=="20180922_134623-1.jpg")

Ill be sure to take more, im going back up to the cottage near where i found these in the beginning of october so ill be sure to take more of the surroundings"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2827324 && dateTime=="09/27/18(Thu)10:58:39")

I'm not that familiar with microscopes, but there seems to be lot of old ones being sold used. I'm quite sure you can make a lot better deals with those compared to chinese plastic toys sold on ebay."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828142 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)10:00:18")

"Can someone point me to a good mushroom identification guide? I live in ontario, canada.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828143 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)10:00:31")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828406 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)16:39:21" && image=="Shroom.jpg")

"found these mushrooms a while back at Fort Dix, im guessing its Amanita muscaria but i could be wrong because of its strange yellow color


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828408 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)16:40:27" && image=="Shroom 2.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828409 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)16:40:45")

"Someone tell me how to grow oyster mushrooms please. I wanted to sell them to restaurants but the substrate I put the spores in always get contaminated with a green mould even before the mushrooms can sprout.

Thanks in advance"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828410 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)16:41:42" && image=="Shroom 3.jpg")

"can any one confirm? 3/3";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828475 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)18:33:49")

?? pasteurize better"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828682 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)21:38:58")


I think those are Amanita muscaria var. formosa"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828688 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)21:41:56" && image=="Parrot Waxcap 17-09-2018 15:56:03~01.jpg")

"Parrot waxcap I think. Slimy fuckers";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828694 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)21:46:24" && image=="Parrot Waxcap 17-09-2018 15:48:04.jpg")

"What the waxcap will look like at some point. These are in Scotland btw";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828704 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)21:53:40" && image=="Horse Hoof 24-02-2018 15:55:21~01.jpg")

"These are pretty common near here. I collect any that have been knocked off in falls or whatever. Handy fuckers";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828718 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)22:05:21" && image=="Horse Hoof 24-02-2018 15:56:53~01.jpg")

"Hopefully a not fallen over one";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828723 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)22:06:57")

The universe is fucking with me today"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828740 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)22:16:43" && image=="google image search.jpg")

"lol I found a dick shroom
Mushrooms are gay. It tasted okay tho."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2828763 && dateTime=="09/28/18(Fri)22:27:55" && image=="00100dPORTRAIT_00100_BURST20180224160350856_COVER-01.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2829253 && dateTime=="09/29/18(Sat)12:20:11")

Tell us what your process is so we can tell you what to change. Also theres tons of good info on youtube and other websites about this."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2829756 && dateTime=="09/29/18(Sat)21:10:41" && image=="20180923_172824.jpg")

"Sorry for not posting in the thread, was on a trip to Texas. Mycologist anon checking in.
On the good side though, I found a bunch of cool fungi, which I wasn't expecting. Pic related, a polypore with tiny little eyelashes on the margin. Fairly sure it's Polyporus arcularius. I'll be dumping more.
Trametes versicolor us extremely likely, with a small chance of Stereum. Underside photos necessary, as close as possible to see pore size and structure.

Super cool! I've experimented a lot with lichen dyeing, but not mushrooms yet. My favorite is Xanthoria, which yields a deep pink dye with little needle like crystals, and dyes wool the same color. However, once you expose the dyed wool to sunlight, it rapidly changes to cotton-candy blue.

"Chicken Fat Bolete" that's a new common name for me. Do you know the scientific name?

There isn't a good rule really. A lot of people will avoid bluestaining boletes, but there are tons of edible and blue boletes. A better rule would be "red pored, blue-staining boletes are inedible". This also rules out some edibles though.

I think a better one would be "reticulated stipe, no staining, white pores that age to olive". This always defines an edible species, mostly in the edulis group, but can include some species too bitter to eat.

Speaking as a mycologist, no, they are not fungi in any way shape or form. The name is a total misnomer, and I think gore taking the name "Slime MOLD" and running with it.
Slime molds are not a monophyletic group, there are a number of different phyla in the category, many pretty distant from eachother. They are all just grouped on their growth habit and swarming activity. They are mostly amoebas, all within Protista. To call them fungi, capitalized or not, would be very inaccurate.

Please provide habitat info, region, and underside photos.

No. Scleroderma species as evidenced by the thick "rind". Likely toxic."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2829765 && dateTime=="09/29/18(Sat)21:20:09" && image=="20180923_170737.jpg")

"Continuation of: >>2829756

Damn son, I'm jealous.

Totally up to chance. A new scope that has 1000x immersion objectives can cost 3k. I've also seen used scopes worth 3k go for 50 to 100$. Basically, start watching local markets and wait until one pops up. You can also get less quality scopes on amazon for about 500$ if I remember right. For looking at spores you definitely need 1000x oil magnification.

"All the Rain Brings and More" is a great field guide, small, but covers most common edibles and their lookalikes. "Mushrooms Demystified" is basically the bible for mushroom identification. Even if you are outside of the target region of the book (California) it will cover almost all genera and give you a place to start, as well as including info on the identification process in general. Both are by David Arora.

Are you literally trying to add spores to substrate? You'll need to fully describe your process in order for us to troubleshoot. That said, here is a link I wrote up that covers an easy method for growing oysters. You'll need to purchase grain spawn in order to do it. Unless you have an agar setup, spores aren't something you'll be able to work with.


Nice Amanita bisporigera. Destroying Angel's are really pleasing to the eye. I found this guy in Texas, under oaks."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2829770 && dateTime=="09/29/18(Sat)21:28:35" && image=="20180929_182032.jpg")

">>2829765 continued.

This is one of the Oysters I cloned from California, found fruiting at 80 degrees at very low humidity. I'm running a test to see how well it fruits indoors at room temp, with humidity at 50% (very very low for most species and strains).

I wanted to show you a picture of oysters I'm growing with a super simple and easy method. You can use the method in the paste in I linked, but instead of buying a huge bag of lime, you can just bring the straw to a boil and then let it sit for 10 minutes with heat turned off. Drain overnight and pack into ziplocs with grain spawn mixed in evenly. Once packed, just perforate the bag with a whole ton of needle pokes. You can buy grain spawn a few different places, I also ship spawn out for cheaper than most sources. Let me know if you would like me to provide links for you to buy spawn from a site."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2829773 && dateTime=="09/29/18(Sat)21:29:39")

Damn, I don't normally post from my phone. Not sure how to remedy the flipping, what a pain."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830000 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)01:48:40")

Good to see you back. Mushroom season is starting to be over here, because of the frost. I head to seaside forest in a couple of days, as there's usually interesting, althought not edible, species at this time."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830103 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)04:57:20" && image=="IMG_20180930_103703-1248x1664.jpg")

"Panellus serotinus from my todays trip. Interesting species as it's usually classified as inedible by Nordic field guides, but in Japan they call it Mukitake and consider it a delicasy. Nordic field guides say it's bitter, but in my experience it's rather bland with no strong flavour. I haven't bothered with it previously, because I have always assumed it to be bitter, but taste tests from last couple of years haven't shown any bitter taste. Maybe this year I collect some and actually make some food out of it. If anyone has experience with this species, I would be happy to hear it.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830113 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)05:17:59" && image=="IMG_20180930_101057-1248x1664.jpg")

"Hygrophorus hypothejus. I usually collect these every year. They are really late and usually start to appear after the first frost. Really mild and good mushroom for general use. English wikipedia article doesn't recommend usage because of sliminess, but I don't think they are even that slimy.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830121 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)05:28:41")

"I've started to read mycelium running and there are these example pictures showing different growth rate with and without supporting mushroom but never names of those mushrooms.
I'm going to be plantinng lots of small trees next spring and I would like to introduce these supporting mushroos to them but I dont know what species, also preferably something common that I can collect in local forests (central europe).
Also can you just collect them, smash them in bucket with water and water trees with it? If so can I collect them now, dry them and then use them in spring?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830222 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)08:38:29")

This is way out of my league, but you should propably do some research on what exact species of mushrooms form symbiosis with the trees you are planning to plant and if you can collect those species locally. If the mushroom species that do form symbiosis are common to your area, you should definitely use those as they are most likely to thrive there. I guess you could just bury some caps near the trees, although that propably isn't very scientific way to approach it. The mycologist in a thread can give you better advice. I think truffles have been grown with dipping the root system of the planted trees to spore solution to impregnate the roots fully, but I don't know how succesfull that is."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830253 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)09:23:16" && image=="IMG_20180930_105818-1248x1664.jpg")

"Hypholoma capnoides at early stage. I like this species, it has a mild taste and you can usually find them at the same spot every year. Propably not a species for beginners as there are quite a lot of similar looking mushrooms that grow on tree stumps and some of them are poisonous. The identification isn't that hard though, they have grey gills and distinct odour of peas.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830297 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)11:03:51")

"Is it normal for a bunch of different colored amanita mushrooms to grow in close vicinity to each other?

My aunt's yard has ones of red, oranga, bright yellow, and brown. All within a few meters of each other.

But in the entire nearly 2 acres of my yard only white ones grow."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830316 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)11:34:15")

If they grow really close (within a few meters) I suspect them to be the same species but different age mushrooms. Amanita muscaria shows considerable variation in color due to age and environment. Actually it's more common to find a patch with variable colours than all bright red for example. At least that's my experience. Identification is impossible without pictures, but I would be surprised to find them to be different species."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830319 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)11:35:39")

congrats on your trip! hope it was interesting.

i think it's versicolor cause there's a bunch of small pores in the bottom, i am super excited because it might be my first wild find. it's very crappy though so i'm trying to clone it in agar. just made a shitty still air box so let's see how it goes.

what scopes would you suggest? as in how would i know if it's a scope that's worth it for the price?

the california oyster is very cool.... i live somewhere with low humidity as well so let me know how it goes!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830739 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)20:03:35" && image=="20180923_170903.jpg")

That's too bad the season is closing. Do you have any cold weather species that go into winter? We have winter chanterelles and hedgehogs (Cantharellus tubaeformis and Hydnum umbilicatum) all through the year, even with frost.

Nice, I've been wanting to eat some. I cloned the specimen I found, did not get a chance to eat any. I want to grow then at some point.

I recommend two species of fungi that are ubiquitous, easy to find, and aggressively colonize woody plants and trees. Pisolithu species, "Dead Mans Foot" can be found throughout most of the year, especially at the end of summer, and can just be smashed into powder and sprinkled everywhere. Trichoderma is a mold that has an endophytic relationship with plants, instead of mycorrhizal. It penetrates roots leaves and shoots, to increase growth, drought hardiness, and disease resistance. You can find this mold growing on old and rotten polypores. You could probably grow some by getting fresh polypores and placing them in a moist chamber with some soil. Handle the mold with gloves and dip the whole rotten polypore with water, then sprinkle lightly over the whole plant. Grow the mold outdoors and always use gloves to handle, the mold is a vicious parasite of fungi, and if you get spores inside your house, you'll never be able to cultivate mushrooms.

You can also get various mycorrhizal mushrooms known to colonize your species and slurry them with water like you described, but colonization chances are very low. Most saplings come already loaded up with mycorrhizal, so you have to use aggressive species like Pisolithus.
Picture related.

Really want to get a culture of this species. Apparently it can be grown on old stumps very easily.

Are you cloning onto agar? I recommend a more fresh specimen, the one in your photo is a little old. I'm amazed it's your first versicolor, the species is outrageously common in most regions.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830744 && dateTime=="09/30/18(Sun)20:06:51" && image=="20180930_170619.jpg")

I would suggest a Zeiss or Leica, but many brands will work. You want something with 10x eye pieces and four objective lenses, 10x, 40x, 60x, and 100x are the standards if I remember correctly. You want something that plugs in and has a functioning light under the stage, and make sure all the parts are there.

Here's a photo of the oyster today, it's grown a lot"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830897 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)00:20:13")

"I'm interested in learning about fungi but don't really know where to start. What are some good books or resources to check out in order to get a solid foundational understanding the field?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830982 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)03:41:05")

>Really want to get a culture of this species. Apparently it can be grown on old stumps very easily.

It's a very common species here. Some mushroom culture sellers claim that it grows well in Alnus and oak blocks, but at least here it's exclusive to Picea abies. It doesn't even grow on Pinus stumps. Growing them in optimal conditions and without competition of other species might be a different case of course."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2830988 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)03:53:41" && image=="IMG_20180930_105049-1248x1664.jpg")

>That's too bad the season is closing.

We have some late species, I can pick Flammulina velutipes for a month or so. There's usually so much snow by the end of the year that you need skis to go to the forest.

This was something that I found during the last trip, but can't seem to find a name for it. It grew under Picea abies. Relatively small, maybe four centimeters tall and had no distinctive odour. Could be a Omphalina of some sort, but it doesn't seem to fit in any description. Something you have come across?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831007 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)04:48:43")

"Bought a big book on Fungi ID yesterday. Looking forward to getting out and using it while there's still time in the season.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831009 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)04:57:19" && image=="IMG_20180930_141201327~2.jpg")

"Found this guy on the root of a dead tree in Hawaii. It grew around the vegitation which is why you see so much grass in the shot.

With my 20 minutes of googling and "researching" , I think it's of the pycnoporus genus although Im probably wrong."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831012 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)05:02:59" && image=="IMG_20180930_141211926~2.jpg")

Also I'm completely new to this and forgot an in habitat shot

Here's a picture of the underside"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831036 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)06:16:00")

Seems like a Pycnoporus to me, but then again you might have all sorts of exotic polypores there I haven't even heard about. There seems to be Pycnoporus cinnabarinus in Hawaii, so it could be that one:"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831075 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)08:01:34" && image=="Pycnoporus-sanguineus-Matang-500x375.jpg")

I think you're on point. I was unsure if it were Sanguineus or Cinnabarinus but apparently Cinnabarinus is lighter if exposed to sunlight, which it was.

with that being said, i really could use a field guide lmao"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831144 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)10:49:46")

>All the Rain Brings and More" is a great field guide, small, but covers most......"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831162 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)11:20:37" && image=="IMG_2628.jpg")

sick oyster. have you ever grown oyster on sawdust? will you sell slants of it?
and yeah it's my first versicolor...i just started looking last week and it's the only wild thing i've found! but i found another one that i can't identify, just yesterday."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831287 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)14:16:37" && image=="20180919_172827.jpg")

"In my area, Leucocoprinus birnbaumii is somewhat uncommon, being non native, and when it is found, it's always without fail indoors in a flowerpot. In Texas though, I was finding them everywhere outdoors. Lawns, landscaping, mulch... Really cemented in the fact I was basically in a tropical area.

It is definitely true that many mushrooms grow on waaaay more substrates in cultivation than they do in the wild. Textbooks often fail to recognize regional differences in a species, especially regarding substrate. For example, in the Willamette Valley region, Pleurotus pulmonarius grows almost exclusively on Red Alder. However, if you go south down the the Mt. Shasta area, the only place you'll find P. pulmonarius is on pine and fir. Literature describes the species as being restricted to only hardwood.

Meanwhile, in cultivation, they can be grown on almost anything but cedar.

Any odor? My thought would be Clitocybe, but I'm not sure.

Good luck! Post anything you need help with here and we can give it a try. Underside photos, side photos, and cap photos are generally necessary. As well as habitat and region info.


Yeah, I'm already selling slants of that strain in the photo. I don't really grow many mushrooms, I just tossed the isolate on straw because it was what I had laying around. This strain should perform much better on sawdust than straw, and the name of the strain "Firlover" reflects that since it was cloned from pine, it can consume various conifer sawdust, which in my area is much more common than the hard-to-get hardwood sawdust."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831290 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)14:19:58" && image=="20181001_002908.jpg")

"Some spores from Coprinus comatus, viewed at 600x.

Sorry, forgot to get an ID into that reply.
Chlorophyllum species, underside photos are necessary for further ID.
I can narrow it down to three species though, based on the scales. C. molybdites, which will have green-tinged gills with age and generally grows in warm weather in grass, C. brunneum which has a very bulbous base with an abrupt "rim". Cross-section is usually needed to see this. Finally, C. rhacodes, which has a bulbous base without an abrupt rim. The latter two are edible, while the molybdites is toxic to most people."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831296 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)14:27:05")

cool, thanks for the id! i probably won't eat it but i might take a sample and see what it is. not cultivable is it?

anyways i'm kinda interested in buying slants or spawn and such, i emailed you earlier but don't know where you have your shop"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831324 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)14:56:34")

Here Pleurotus pulmonarius grows exclusively on birch. Actually the common Finnish name translates to "Birch Pleurotus" because of that. My field guide states it to be exclusive to deciduous trees, but the information definitely isn't right in all accounts. For example I have found Kuehneromyces mutabilis on pine and spruce stumps a couple of times even though it shouldn't do that according to my guides."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831330 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:04:58")

Earthball. Smells like dogshit, toxic to eat."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831331 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:05:01")

One guestion about microscopes. What do you think would a 600x microscope be of any use in identification? In your picture It seems that it could show the general shape and some of the details of spores. The reason I'm asking is that there seems to be lots of relatively good quality microscopes cheap for sale but they usually go to 600x at maximum. The one with 1000x oil immersion lenses seem to be a lot more expensive."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831336 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:11:36" && image=="IMG_20180923_145023.jpg")

"Dumping some shrooms I found on holiday on a walk through Kampinoski forest, Poland

Shroom noob, ID appreciated"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831337 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:12:49" && image=="IMG_20180923_144817.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831338 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:14:02" && image=="IMG_20180923_130359.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831340 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:15:16" && image=="IMG_20180923_143854.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831342 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:16:32" && image=="IMG_20180923_130150.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831345 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:17:46" && image=="IMG_20180923_122610.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831363 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:38:47")

Likely a Pholiota scuarrosa."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831366 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:42:07")

For an identification a picture with stems and gills is pretty much necessary, but in this case I'm pretty sure it is Hypholoma lateritium. I see these every year when picking edible Hypholoma."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831370 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:45:02")

Isn't that just a regular and a bit faded Amanita muscaria?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831374 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:50:25")

Fab, thank you

Sorry I felt bad about uprooting them, also we didn't have much time so I just took a few quick snaps. Is that what's commonly known as honey fungus..?

I am basically clueless, so likely. I will look this up though."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831375 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)15:53:08")

Ok so I checked, no it was similar but without white flecks. Smooth all over. Sorry the pics are rubbish for ID"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831483 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)18:10:52" && image=="20180923_171930.jpg")

Oh, sorry for not getting back to you, I totally forgot. I'm really bad at checking my email.
They are cultivatable, but only outdoors from what I've read. At least, noone has succeeded or really tried growing them indoors. I would say reach for the stars.

I'll send you a reply later today.

Yeah, like I mentioned, there's no possible way a field guide could ever cover all the possible substrates for a given species. In northern California, you won't find P. pulmonarius on anything but conifer, because that's all there is available.
Not to mention that across continents, it is very rare that a species definition will actually hold up to scrutiny. Amanita pantherina, as named in Europe, was found in the US and placed into the same name, and for all appearances they look similar. However, genetic tools show that this species and many many others with European counterparts, are actually unique. The Amanita got renamed to Amanita ameripanthera, and it might be getting renamed again.

You can't really use 600x for viewing spores that well, but you can use it to view other structures like gill trams, cystidia, basidia, and the velum tissue. All of which are important to ID. More often than not, these features will end up being more important than spores. So I would say yes, if 600x is all you can get, go for it. It will cover most of your bases, especially as an amateur.

Amanita species. Photos of the intact base are necessary. Dig it up with extreme care, the important features of the volva can be washed away very easily within this group of species.

Underside photo necessary.

Pholiota species. Not sure which."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831542 && dateTime=="10/01/18(Mon)19:24:46")

what is the leading opinion on why certain mushrooms can't be grown indoors? something about bacteria, mycorrhizal stuff, but can't you just artificially introduce that relationship?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831740 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)01:16:52")

Very species specific. Every single mushroom poses it's own difficulties in terms of cultivation, it's just that some have a habitat which is easier to replicate. Almost every single cultivated mushroom falls into the category of a saprobic lifestyle. This means that they survive by decaying dead organic material produced by other organisms. Generally, that means plants. There are two other basic forms of lifestyle mushrooms fall into, parasitic, and mycorrhizal. Parasitic species rely on living organic material produced by plants or animals, or other fungi, as the name implies, they require a living host, and generally harm it.

Mycorrhizal species also require a living host in order to survive, but do not harm their host. In fact, many hosts cannot survive without their fungal partner, a sheath of mycelium surrounding and penetrating specialized roots.

These mycorrhizal fungi cannot survive without a tree host, and in many cases the trees cannot survive without the fungal partner. There's a very complex interchange of nutrients, sugars, and water between the two.

Most of the iconic edible species of mushroom, Chanterelles, King Boletes, Matsutake, Hedgehogs, and so on, are all mycorehizal. They all require trees to grow and fruit.
There are also some mushrooms that require prey to feed on, or special bacteria or yeasts, but not many of those are ones you'd want to cultivate.
The issue of growing mycorrhizal species without a tree isnt really a leading theory or matter of opinion, it's a very well understood and studied dynamic.

Now you ask if this bond can be replicated: the answer is yes, but not easily, and not within any reasonable timeframe. Many mycorrhizal species take decades or more to fruit once they've been established on their trees.
But before you deal with that issue, you actually have to look at being able to induce the formation of a mycorrhiza.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831741 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)01:21:30")

"neigh sickle <>

10:17 PM (0 minutes ago)

to me
Very species specific. Every single mushroom poses it's own difficulties in terms of cultivation, it's just that some have a habitat which is easier to replicate. Almost every single cultivated mushroom falls into the category of a saprobic lifestyle. This means that they survive by decaying dead organic material produced by other organisms. Generally, that means plants. There are two other basic forms of lifestyle mushrooms fall into, parasitic, and mycorrhizal. Parasitic species rely on living organic material produced by plants or animals, or other fungi, as the name implies, they require a living host, and generally harm it.

Mycorrhizal species also require a living host in order to survive, but do not harm their host. In fact, many hosts cannot survive without their fungal partner, a sheath of mycelium surrounding and penetrating specialized roots.

These mycorrhizal fungi cannot survive without a tree host, and in many cases the trees cannot survive without the fungal partner. There's a very complex interchange of nutrients, sugars, and water between the two.

Most of the iconic edible species of mushroom, Chanterelles, King Boletes, Matsutake, Hedgehogs, and so on, are all mycorehizal. They all require trees to grow and fruit.
There are also some mushrooms that require prey to feed on, or special bacteria or yeasts, but not many of those are ones you'd want to cultivate.
The issue of growing mycorrhizal species without a tree isnt really a leading theory or matter of opinion, it's a very well understood and studied dynamic.

Now you ask if this bond can be replicated: the answer is yes, but not easily, and not within any reasonable timeframe. Many mycorrhizal species take decades or more to fruit once they've been established on their trees.
But before you deal with that issue, you actually have to look at being able to induce the formation of a mycorrhiza.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831744 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)01:39:15")

"Goddamnit. Sorry for the double posting and weird email shit. 4chan told me the post didn't go through, so I tried emailing it to myself to try on another device. Obviously both attempts worked.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831749 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)04:29:46" && image=="20181001_222337.jpg")

Update on this oyster


The major hurdle to creating a desired mycorrhiza is that you can't inoculate a tree that already has mycorrhiza and expect to get the one you want. Once a mycorrhiza has formed they are very stable, and don't just allow other new fungi in.

This means that in order to create a desired bond you have to get a tree with absolutely no other fungi on it. Since this is impossible with any tree already growing in the wild, or even in an orchard, you have to actually start them from seeds that have been surface sterilized, in sterile soil, inside a greenhouse that's also a clean room. Such clean conditions are required because wild fungi are much better at taking over a root, they will supplant your desired fungus immediately.

Then, given that the bond forms, which doesn't always happen, you can plant the tree into soil that lacks mycorrhizal fungi. There's a huge catch: mycorrhizal fungi are present in virtually all soils that have ever been near a tree. In order to avoid this, trees are planted in old agricultural fields, fields that have only had wheat or other non-woody crops grown in them for so long that wild mycorrhizal fungi are almost absent.
Then, after planting, you sit there and wait 10 years, with fingers crossed that all your work actually worked, because there's a great chance it won't, even with all precautions taken."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831783 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)17:43:18")

thank you for the detailed answer , i was wondering about stuff like that. is chicken of the woods not simply saprobic? also, what do you think about the motel cultivation efforts in china right now, with the extra bag of nutrition on top?

I am trying to clone the turkey tail i found, and also the chicken of the woods i posted about earlier but i'm not sure there's much point cause the cultures will be useless

with the oyster you cloned, if you take a spore print will it have mostly the same properties as the parent? humidity wise?

I think you can also delete posts so that your email doesn't get out there."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831798 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)17:54:40")

also, why would introducing that relationship be so hard if it also occurs in the wild? can't you find the hardiest, meanest wild mushroom and force it upon the plant and make it resistant?

also, are there any specific techniques that you know off the top of your head that are outdated or silly on the shroomery or the mushroom cultivator?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831855 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)18:59:20" && image=="20181002_124916.jpg")

No, Laetiporus species aren't pure saprobes. Most of them are parasitic, killing the trees they grow on with a cubical heart rot. They can grow saprobically though, and can be cultivated on dead wood.

I always culture my Laetiporus, you can use them to create dowel spawn fo re inoculating logs.

No, the daughters from a spore print won't necessarily have the same traits as the parent. It's just like any other type of sex, it's a total gamble as to what traits are retained by the offspring. It's very possible one could retain a tolerance for dryness, but it may not. New traits could also pop up. When going from spores of any given species it's a total crapshoot as to what you end up with. Not to mention that if you germinate spores on agar, you get a multitude of different sectors each representing a different daughter, so you have to choose which one to try, and end up ditching the rest of them, one of which might actually have the traits you want.

Just because there are so many factors that play into it in the wild. Its impossible to compare a 20 year old pine tree growing in ancient soils to a sapling in a greenhouse. The dynamics just aren't the same.
The major issue is that most species which are desirable are not super strong colonizers. In the controlled setting they're almost always overrun by wild fungi if present. There are definitely mycorrhizal species that are vicious, even capable of displacing preexisting mycorrhizae from a root, but none of them are edible of worth anything.

And no, there aren't many techniques that immediately come to mind. I don't recommend using multispore directly on grains or cakes, I think it's best to isolate a sector on agar first. This is so you don't have hundreds of competing dikaryons within the substrate, you might end up having the substrate divided into two because two dominant colonies have battled it out and settled like that. Half the yield from both instead of a whole yield from one."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831858 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)19:00:19" && image=="cursed image.jpg")

"What mushrooms are these?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831864 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)19:09:43")

fapicanias cumiensis"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831889 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)19:48:44")

Coprinus species."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831893 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)19:50:55")

"I've been wondering, what causes mushrooms to grow as a cluster? is it the substrate it's in or is the type of mushroom?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831914 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)20:03:00" && image=="Fungusamungus.jpg")

It's just how they grow. Primordia (mushrooms before they reall form) are produced easily and in response to light, oxygen, or both. In the wild, clusters are formed because more mushrooms tends to be better than one single large mushroom, and survival rate is higher if you produce many rather than just one, IE; if a slug eats one, it isn't game over on that fruiting.
In the wild, clustering is mostly dependent on species, but different environmental cues can trigger more or less clustering.
The tendency of some species to cluster and others not is actually used in identification, since some always grow in clusters, and others only rarely.

In cultivation you have full control over cluster formation, and outside of the tendency of one strain to cluster or not (some strains do, some strains don't, even within the same species), it is totally controlled by light and O2. With a bag of substrate, like this: >>2831855 , O2 is what triggers primordia formation. Poking holes or slices into the bag is what allows oxygen to touch the block and trigger primordia formation.

If you poke a small hole, with only a small amount of the surface area exposed to O2, you'll tend to get one or two large mushrooms. If you poke a large hole or slice, and expose a whole bunch of surface area, your chances of getting a cluster is higher. Primordia only form on the surfaces exposed, so it's just a matter of more primordia forming on a larger area, and less primordia forming on a smaller surface area. The mushroom tends to divide resources among any primordia that form, so less primordia means bigger individual mushrooms, and more primordia means more smaller mushrooms."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831960 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)20:54:07")

I see, thanks for the quick response! I really appreciate your posts.

some other questions, if you will. I've gone through a filthy neet/hermit phase in the past, I'm worried that if i start cultivating, my yield might get contaminated. Is there a way that I can easily check for mold/contaminants? If I do find contaminants, how pervasive are they and would it be possible to clear it out?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2831969 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)20:56:47")

thank you for the information, i look forward to hearing about the oyster slants.

also, o2 leads to pinning? i have heard that pinning occurs when the mycelium runs out of colonizable material, does o2 response pinning explain in vitro pinning without any holes?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832019 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)21:39:36" && image=="IMG_20181002_184312.jpg")

"anyone have any idea what kind these are? they sprouted in a vacant pot, I live in the southernish part of texas";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832020 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)21:40:53" && image=="IMG_20181002_203419.jpg")

here's them fully open"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832021 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)21:43:10" && image=="IMG_20181002_203434.jpg")

and the underside"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832057 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)22:10:17")

Those are tits m8"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832084 && dateTime=="10/02/18(Tue)22:39:55")

Shot in the dark (and I'm probably wrong desu) but it looks like an amanita.

Did a Google search of Texas mushrooms/amanita and found some amanita theirsii which looks very similar (yet the pictures I found didn't have those vertical lines at the edge of the caps nor the dark ring at the top of the caps)"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832210 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)01:04:21")

Leucocoprinus species. The most common yellow one growing in flower pots is L. birnbaumii."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832263 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)02:17:54")

thanks for the ID anon!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832286 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)02:46:45" && image=="Agrocybe.jpg")

There is no way you are ever going to escape contaminants, especially if you plan on growing inside a house. Even in a remarkably clean house, there is still a multitude of contaminants waiting to take hold, the very air around you is loaded with mold spores and bacteria-laden dust.
Short of making a clean-room, where the air entering is run through a 99.99% HEPA filter, you just have to accept the potential contaminants all around you.

That said, because contamination is inescapable in your surroundings, most mushroom cultivation methods are designed to compensate for this. There is no reliable method that relies on the cleanliness of your house alone.

Growing mushrooms with purchased grain spawn doesn't really require any kind of clean area, just as long as you have a sanitized workspace, the rest of your house shouldn't matter much when you are handling the bulk substrate. The stuff you fill bags with and inoculate with grain.

I recommend buying Oyster mushroom grain spawn and then inoculating boiled or lime-pasteurized straw. All you need to do is have a sanitized countertop, lysol or bleach will do the job. Soap to wash your hands, a fresh box of ziplocs, and some isopropyl alcohol to wipe things down. Follow the method in the pastebin in OP.

If you want to make your own grain spawn from scratch, or do agar work, there are also methods that can be used which don't require a clean environment or HEPA flowhood. All of these methods involve using a needle-port in the lid of a jar so that you can access and inoculate the sterilized media without ever opening the jar to the environment.

Yes to everything you said.
Pinning is ultimately a complex phenomena, and is controlled by multiple factors. Sudden nutrient scarcity, or buildup of metabolites from substrate consumption are both generally prerequisites for fruiting to take place, but not necessarily.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832290 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)02:54:25")


Like basically everything else about fungi, it is species specific.
Some species will fruit before they even fully colonize the substrate, Hericium species are well known for fruiting on individual grains inside a spawn jar, instead of colonizing it.

Pinning represents a switch from the vegetative state, the state where nutrients are actively being acquired, to the sexual state. Generally, growth halts either preceding or after pins begin to form.

Generally though, cultivated mushrooms have to fully colonize their substrate before fruiting. This is for two reasons, one being that you get more mushrooms and less contamination by fruiting when the whole block has been consumed, the other being that some species will refuse to switch out of the vegetative state if there is available substrate. They realize that they can get more fruitbodies produced if they delay it in order to eat more beforehand.
There are two triggers once the substrate is colonized, nutrient scarcity, and metabolite production. Some species need one or the other, and some need both. In species that need metabolite buildup, they will not fruit directly after full colonization. They will only fruit after a prolonged incubation period after colonization, where the mycelium is actively metabolizing and building up metabolites while it "consolidates".

A lot of species don't need either nutrient scarcity or metabolites to fruit, light or oxygen can be the major factors. This is generally true for Oyster mushrooms, they are very oxygen oriented. Even while colonizing, excess oxygen in the grow container can cause premature fruiting. Some strains are more light oriented, but most aren't. There's also a big difference in light sensitivity based on whether the block was incubated in the dark or not. If the block has been illuminated the whole colonization, it's unlikely that light alone will cause pinning."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832291 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)02:57:16")

In short, the reason oxygen and light are important is because these are the natural cues for mushroom formation. A mushroom growing in the soil will only fruit once mycelium reaches the surface, and it recognizes the surface by the new illumination and open air (light and oxygen), where the soil environment is CO2 rich from poor exchange, and obviously dark.
This same dynamic is true for mushrooms growing in logs, or duff.

All three, full colonization, light, and oxygen are big controlling factors to fruiting. Exposure to all three will almost invariably fruit a given species, but there are also a multitude of other factors that are a lot more species specific. (like exposure to rainfall or removal of certain ions, or seasonal nutrient availability)"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832313 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)04:09:39")

The place where I'm planing to plant them is old garden (practically forest at this point).
I could not find any Pisolithu species or Trichoderma in near by forests but there are quite a few different Boletaceae species. Wiki says they are mycorrhizal so I could use them. Should I collect them now and dry them? Or should I toss them on to places where I'm planing to plant those trees right now? O should I wait till next year (gonna plant trees in spring, mushrooms grow in summer/fall) to do it?

I also found Macrolepiota procera and some Russula species near by but I'm not sure how beneficial those are.

Wow, this is pretty cool, how do you grow something like this? Are plastic bag and sawdust only things you need?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832315 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)04:16:31")

If you are planting trees near other trees, it's likely that they will naturally acquire mycorrhizae.
Hitting the area with boletes wouldn't hurt, there's no harm in introducing as much as you can.

You need a bag, sawdust or straw, a pot to boil it in, something to drain it in, and the grain spawn used to inoculate. You can read the pastebin in OP for a rough outline. I recommend doing that method, but with boiled straw instead of lime pasteurized."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832318 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)04:20:44")

Will check it out thanks.
Everyone has house plants but I bet almost no one has own grown mushrooms. Too bad I dont really like eating them."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832362 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)06:02:55")

is there a big difference between using store bought manure and manure acquired from a field/farm as a substrate?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832363 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)06:04:44" && image=="shroombois.jpg")

"can someone ID this species? have a whole mess of these guys in my backyard, i live in Texas.

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832365 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)06:06:34" && image=="shroombois2.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832368 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)06:17:09" && image=="deadshroomboi.jpg")

didn't get any gill pics when they were thriving but here's what they look like now"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832469 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)09:13:44" && image=="mush ident.jpg")

"found this huge bastard in southern Ontario on a large tree stump. No idea what it is, probably the biggest I've ever seen.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832509 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)10:19:27")

Pretty much all the species that come in mind should have a ring on the stem. I'm sure the threads mycologist will have some idea about them."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832595 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)12:42:37")

Yes, there are a lot of mushroom growers out there, but still a minority, and your average person definitelyndoesnt grow them as often as they do houseplants.

Sometimes. It depends on the source. Store bought manure is often already composted and mixed with soil. Fresh manure can be hot composted and then directly used after that, I would say it's better.

Psathyrella is a possibility.

Underside photos necessary for ID. Possibly Neolentinus."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832637 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)13:55:05")

>Psathyrella is a possibility.

I didn't even think about Psathyrella, because of the cap shape and general "look", but they do like them on second inspection."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832849 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)19:23:03" && image=="IMG-20181003-WA0030.jpg")

"Growing on my friends lawn so probably not going to eat these";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832966 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)21:14:14")

Appears to be a giant puffball, Calvatia gigantea. Prime eating age too, why don't you want to eat it? Does he spray pesticides?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2832967 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)21:15:16")

They get like that when old."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833070 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)22:07:20" && image=="20181003_174818.jpg")

"I found this this morning, foothills of Northern California. Someone said it could be chicken of the woods?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833136 && dateTime=="10/03/18(Wed)22:53:22" && image=="Screenshot_20181003-225207.png")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833208 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)00:17:28")

Yep, definitely Laetiporus. L. gilbertsonii if on hardwood, L. conifericola if on conifer.

Nice photo! Not sure on species."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833222 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)00:39:43")

Great picture, but pretty much impossible to id from this alone. Sparsely spaced gills and a bit striated slimy cap would suggest a Hygrocybe spesies. Stem is also smooth and as it should be with them. Purely speculation though, could as well be something else."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833233 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)00:52:51" && image=="2984010C-C096-4D65-9CC2-ECFFD771093F.jpg")

"Absolutely tons of this growing in a local bog, lots of peat. There were easily over 100 individual ones sprouting.
Northeast US. Any ideas?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833237 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)00:56:40" && image=="66B6C36E-D57F-44BB-BF31-B6FBDA5CCBCC.jpg")

Here’s another one."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833348 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)02:42:58")

Ugh, good luck with that ID. I won't be able to get you there. Corals are notoriously hard to ID, I'm terrible at the ones in my area let alone outside of it.

I'm just going to say "Ramarioid" and be done with it."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833437 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)05:23:34")

"where the new zealand shrooms at";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833529 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)09:07:22")

I've read the paste bin in OP and few things aren't clear to me.
When you have the bag ready and you put it in dark place, does temperature of the place matter?
What about air flow?
I could put it in my celler but there are little windows so I would have to put in some sort of box but that limits air flow.
After that instructions are quite clear. I'm asuming that after you harvest you can reuse the mycelium from that bag to start new cultures."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833554 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)09:39:19")

Yeah this was on my friends lawn, he told me he used some grub killer earlier in the year so i dont trust it"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833568 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)10:09:09")

temperature matters and it depends on species, shroomery has a section on gourmet mushrooms and temps

you need some sort of air flow so it's actually good. humidity needs to be high.

can't reuse spent mycelium i think, it gets real old. i think you can clone earlier or from spawn..."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833576 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)10:34:19" && image=="IMG_20181004_122843.jpg")

"Can anyone help me to identify these ?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833578 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)10:36:07")

Fuck I didnt meant to say to reduce air flow but to reduce light.
Fucking headache.

And as far as humidity goes, do I need to spray it in this phase or is the starting humidity that comes from submerging sawdust in water and pastarization good enough?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833580 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)10:37:12" && image=="IMG_20181004_122854.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833581 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)10:39:48")

check shroomery for optimal relative humidity levels too, did you find it? if your place isn't humid then bring it up to the correct RH

i think you need some light but not too much so you're good. mushrooms grow towards light"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833605 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)11:47:36")

I have never been good with these. Pholiota or Armillaria species, but that doesn't really narrow it down that much."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833670 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)13:44:07")

It's in Wales if that helps"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833732 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:14:04")

Sorry for the lack of clarity! I need to rewrite portions of that, especially now that I generally recommend the boiling method instead of lime.

The temperature doesn't matter so long as it isn't too low (below 50) or too high (above 80 for most Oysters). It helps to have a slightly higher temp when incubating the substrate, because then once it is done incubating, you can transfer it to a lower temperature which helps with fruiting.

Airflow isn't that important when it is in the incubation phase, just make sure it isn't inside an airtight container, very little air is needed during this stage, it's just during fruiting that it becomes a major need. Too much airflow can invite contamination, so a somewhat enclosed space is best. I find that a cupboard, or even just inside a cardboard box, should work well.

Yes, but usually only for one or two more usages, and you have to use a very large amount of inoculant, higher than the 10-15% for grains.
You are creating two things with grain spawn, a source of mycelium to inoculate, and a source of nitrogen, which is required for proper fruiting. Nitrogen is generally lacking in the bulk substrate that it being inoculated, straw or sawdust are both very low, so grain spawn is necessary for proper development.

When using an old block to inoculate, you are only meeting one of these needs, a source of mycelium. The quantity of grain in the original block is the only source of nitrogen, and that's very diluted at the point you are using a block to inoculate another bag.
It will likely colonize well, there is a slightly higher chance of contamination, but you will likely notice decreased yield during fruiting due to nitrogen deficiency.

It's fun though, and turning one block into three or four blocks is pretty cool. I recommend it just so you can get more hands-on without buying more spawn."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833735 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:15:30")

He's asking about incubation, not fruiting.
During incubation humidity and light are unnecessary. Both are only required during the fruiting stage. For incubation the moisture in the bag is enough, and most species will run fine incubated in the light or dark. Incubating in the dark can help instigate pin formation once you do move it to the light.

Armillaria mellea group"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833738 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:19:43")

An easy way to distinguish is the stipe and gills. On Armillaria, the gills are pure white to cream, and have a distinct "wave" before finally going down the stem. This feature is lacking on most Pholiota, which will have dark gills that don't run down the stem dramatically.

The stipe on Armillaria will be smooth and unornamented, where on most Pholiota there is some "shag" on the stem, usually colored shag as well.

It's really only the caps that can look similar."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833739 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:22:51")

"I'm so confused. I thought this thread would be about 'magic' mushrooms but most of you are just... general fungi enthusiasts?
I think I'm just surprised to see so few people asking for identification on mushrooms with psychoactive properties."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833751 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:32:48")

Thanks for clearing things up.

If lack of nitrogen is the main issue cant you just add some to the new culture? For example plant fertilizers are full of nitrogen.

Anyway Ill prolly give it a try. Seems like a fun little project even tho I dont really like the taste of mushrooms.

Is the taste of oyster mushrooms similar to Boletus species? I only know them and Lepiota procera because they are the only mushrooms I 100% recognize in forest and I know Ill be ok.

Also Laetiporus sulphureus seems interesting. Mainly that "tastes like chicken" part."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833753 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:34:43")

Ha, that's pretty much the immediate assumption everybody makes upon hearing "I really like mushrooms" or "I grow mushrooms". A lot of people don't think there's anything to mushrooms outside of magic mushrooms, deadly mushrooms, and storebought buttons.

The culture associated with psychoactives is generally pretty disassociated with people who are excited about cultivating edible species, or interested in identification and foraging."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833754 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:35:52")

As a mushroom enthusiast I'm constantly confused by the general association of the word "mushroom" to recreational use of only a few species. Mushrooms have so much more to give, but for most, especially young, people they seem to represent just getting high"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833757 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:36:38")

if you're interested, you're interested! i don't think many discriminate because the principles are similar. if you want to learn that i am sure people are willing to teach, but shroomery will be a more helpful forum for that."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833760 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:38:53")

I've taken interest in mushrooms like two weeks ago after random youtube suggestion of this

It blew my mind. Never knew how complex these things are. And yes there are "shooms lmao so trippy" parts but I was interested in the saving bees, restoring ecosystems parts."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833761 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:39:40")

>Is the taste of oyster mushrooms similar to Boletus species?

That's a matter of taste I guess, but I think they taste quite different. Oyster mushrooms have a distinct scent and taste that's a bit hard to describe."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833763 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:40:59")

ah thank you for correcting me, i didn't realize he was asking for something else. how would you try the boiling method in bulk? you would need some sort of large autoclave or something..

i didn't hear back from you regarding the slants, but i realized you had already answered most of my questions on here. do you know of any hunting spots near the bay area? if you are ever near the bay, let me know -- i would be super interested in a foraging trip. i have some experience backpacking but not so much mycology. do let me know how much your slants sell for!!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833768 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:43:30")

surprising you have tried boletus before oyster, here it is hard to find boletus while oyster is in every supermarket. there is also a mushroom prized in china called "bai ling gu" which is apparently really good but i haven't tried it either..."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833788 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)15:55:13")

They are quite common here.
Also everybody knows that they are safe to eat cause of their "spunge".
There are also many other mushrooms but to me they look quite similar even with book in my hands and I'm sure as hell not getting poisoned by something random.

I've never seen oyster in forest tho. I heard they used to be here but maybe 10-20 years ago.

Only mushrooms you can buy here in regular supermarket are Champignon."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833798 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)16:02:34")

Nitrogen has to come in organic form, very few species can uptake mineral nitrogen like that in fertilizers. Proteins are the easiest source, and come from wheat in the form of glutens.
The act of adding protein to substrate outside of the grain spawn used to inoculate is called supplementation, and is a practice used for many species. However, the major advantage to unsupplemented bulk substrate is that it is low-nutrient material. Wild molds and bacteria have a much harder time taking hold in it, and your woodloving mushroom has the upper hand, this is why you can create bulk substrate and inoculate it outside of a sterile room.
The reason grains work out so well is because they are colonized beforehand, the grains are sterile all the way up until you mix them with the pasteurized bulk substrate. Because nitrogen is so much more of a sought-after nutrient, bacteria and molds immediately have the upper hand compared to the desired fungus, they grow quicker and outcompete. Because nitrogen is more sensitive to contamination, anything with uncolonized nitrogen must be in totally sterile conditions (this is why spawn is grown inside sealed, sterilized jars, and why grains are sterilized even though bulk substrate is only pasteurized). At the point you try and add nitrogen to the new bulk substrate you want to inoculate with an old block, you can no longer get away with just pasteurizing. You have to sterilize to prevent contamination before you ever add your old material.
The second big catch, is that during the fruiting stage the old block gets exposed to the open air. Because it is already fully colonized the contaminants generally don't take hold, but exposure to open air means that the entire block gets coated in contaminant-laden dust. This means that even if you sterilized your supplemented bulk substrate before adding old material, the old material itself will introduce contamination to the sterilized supplemented substrate. Success rates are low."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833800 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)16:03:15")

Oyster mushrooms don't even grow this far north. I have only seen and bought them from supermarket. Boletus on the other hand is really common."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833805 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)16:10:33")

I would say Oysters have a better flavor and texture than Boletus, a lot more savory and more of a meaty chew to them. I'm a little abnormal in the respect though, most prefer Boletus.

The Laetiporus is definitely cool in that aspect, my favorite cooking method is to parboil them in a broth with chicken spices, this ensures they get cooked all the way to prevent poisoning, and also infuses a flavor. Then I bread and fry.

Really good that way, I've only gotten good reviews.

Paul Stamets is what originally got me into mushroom growing, specifically the book "Mycelium Running". The inspiration he summons to the field is awesome.

Autoclaves are used for sterilization, which is only necessary for grains and supplemented substrate, not for bulk substrate. Bulk substrate is advantageous because it doesn't have to be sterilized if it isn't supplemented, so it's way less labor intensive.
On a home hobby use scale, boiling in a large 5-gal kettle is perfect, but on a large scale, steamer apparatuses are used for pasteurization. They can pasteurize quickly and easily do tons of substrate at once (literally).
To sterilize on a large scale (companies that sell grain spawn in bulk to other growers) they have humongous, often custom-built autoclaves, which are basically just steamers that build pressure up to 15 psi.
If you want to sterilize things at home, like for making your own grain spawn or agar, a pressure cooker is the industry standard. You can reach 15 psi and hold things there for about an hour, and sterilize.

I sell slants for 20+shipping for one, 30+shipping for two, and past that the pricing is variable and negotiable.
Sorry for not emailing back, I'm really bad about email correspondence. It's really no more effort than posting here, I should probably just suck it up.

I recommend checking the USFS website for national forests near you, once you've found one I can give you some tips on where to go within the forest."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833810 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)16:19:24")

I'm reading that book right now. That's from where I got the idea of introducing supportive mushrooms to newly planted trees."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833836 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)16:34:04")

"assuming the conditions are right, is there any way to facilitate mushroom growth in your yard? I'd like to ID this one mushroom that grows in my yard";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2833941 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)17:25:27")

search up sowing mushroom beds. pretty easy for some species.

thank you, the whole thing about nitrogen was very helpful, send me an email with your store link !"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834297 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)21:13:50" && image=="IMG_20181004_144242957~2.jpg")

"Can I get an ID on this Lil buddy from Hawaii growing straight out of the grass/dirt


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834306 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)21:21:39" && image=="IMG_20181004_145733134~2.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834308 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)21:24:08" && image=="IMG_20181004_150209506~3.jpg")

Here's a better shot of the gills"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834310 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)21:26:51")

It's a great read! My copy is always lent out to people, lol.

Depends on the species. If it's mycorrhizal, you can increase growth by watering throughout summer, making sure it doesn't dry out. If they're saprobic, you can provide food for them to eat, like woodchips or grass or manure, but that depends on the species.

Will do!

Some lepiotoid species, because it's Hawaiian I'm not really going to be able to help much. Maaaybe Chlorophyllum species, based on size, but I'm not familiar with the members in that area.

Slice it in half, any red or yellow staining?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834318 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)21:32:43")

Red staining when I touched the gills. I'm trying to get a spore print right now so I'll cut it up a little later"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834341 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)21:57:20")

"Is there a special type of agar I should be looking for for petri dishes? The shit I'm finding now looks like dietery suppliments";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834369 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)22:15:52")

agar-agar try your asian store"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834428 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)22:48:35")

Yes, just pure agar doesn't work, it has no nutrients. For culturing fungi specific types of media are prepared using agar as a gelling agent.

I use PDA, potato-dextrose agar, but you can also use MEA, malt-extract agar, or DFA, dog food agar.

PDA is the industry standard, and can be made easily at home with some dextrose, potato flakes, and agar.
I don't recommend using most agar that you can get at the asian store, it has dyes, and sugars added, and is generally very low quality. It may not gel correctly or in the usual amounts used for agar.
I recommend ordering "telephone" brand agar online. It is generally acceptable and affordable.

Keep in mind that in order to use agar, you have to have a method to sterilize it. For most people, that means owning a pressure cooker or canner."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834434 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)22:49:37")

If you'd like I can send you links to some PDA recipes."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834521 && dateTime=="10/04/18(Thu)23:45:08" && image=="IMG_20181004_160246323_HDR.jpg")

"Hey everybody. Pretty certain on the species, even the subspecies I think, but, second opinions are always nice.
North eastern US, Massachusetts, about an hour from the coast, maybe 60 miles. Nice mixed forest. Mostly oak and maple in the area. On a pathway between two ponds, maybe fifteen feet wide in total, held together mainly by the roots of the trees.
Biggest mushrooms I've seen in real life, apart from those crazy ones that grow on old logs.
Maybe about fifteen mushrooms all together, spaced out, in every different stage. One even had a bite taken out of it, knocked over. There were two more that were knocked over too."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834537 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)00:04:23" && image=="IMG_20181004_160255554.jpg")

Here's some gills.
If this was standing it would have been five inches, easily. The other one would have been six or more."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834540 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)00:08:08")

Amanita muscaria var. guessowi is pretty likely, but I need to find the photo I have that lists different regions and their varietals"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834556 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)00:40:49" && image=="IMG_20181004_160507404.jpg")

One still standing right next door.
That's what I was thinking, too. It's hard to come across much of anything to do with the subspecies. I've found maybe two site talking about it and a travel journal."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834591 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)01:05:15")

by the way what slant selection do you have and which slants do you find especially interesting?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834600 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)01:13:56")

Oh shit yeah I'll take some links"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834724 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)03:56:08" && image=="20180927_233022.jpg")

Any ideas what this might be?
Found it under a blue spruce
Alberta, Canada
Had a very sweet smell, like candy
No stem, no gills"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834726 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)03:58:50" && image=="20180927_233037.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834732 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)04:05:56" && image=="20181005_020346.jpg")

Didn't have my camera when I found it, but went back and took this"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834897 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)07:49:28")

I see.
So how do you propagate them? Surely there has to be a way to make new colonies out of the old one.
Its not about the money, but it seems wasteful having to buy new contaminated seeds when you have perfectly fine fruiting mushroom."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2834943 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)09:26:01" && image=="IMG_20181004_160355304.jpg")

Made a spore print last night, all white. Nothing has bruised, either.
I'm going to go back and inspect the rest in a few hours. Really make sure what they were growing with. From some pictures it's obvious there's pine around, and above, too."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835038 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)12:07:54")

you can transfer to grain, i think is what anon is saying, but transfer to more just woody material will not work for lack of nitrogen source. but if you have a pressure cooker then just buy some spawn and do a grain transfer or something , or you can grow from spore using agar"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835054 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)12:35:21" && image=="20180929_120714.jpg")

"Cool purple mushroom I found in northeast US";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835057 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)12:44:30")

Very likely a Cortinarius violaceus."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835233 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)17:30:52" && image=="20181005_135740.jpg")

"Does anyone know what this little fun guy is?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835476 && dateTime=="10/05/18(Fri)23:40:34")

So I sliced it in half and just like the gills, there was red staining only when touched"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835506 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)01:10:02")

"I don't know much about fungi but i was curious about this,Would you be able to implant fungi into another fungi? Kinda like tree grafting";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835516 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)01:28:55")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835520 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)01:35:12")

As with other pictures like these, there's hardly any info. Where did you find it and how did the gills and stem look? That said it has a typical cap shape and stem colour of a small Russula, but could be something else as well."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835603 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)06:56:58" && image=="IMG_20181006_105439-1248x1664.jpg")

"Nothing really interisting from todays trip. Here's what I'm pretty sure is Cystodermella cinnabarina although I'm not that familiar with this species.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835610 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)07:11:15" && image=="IMG_20181006_105036-1248x1664.jpg")

"Really shitty picture, but here's Inonotus obliquus from today. Just wanted to take a pic because I usually only see lumps the size of a fist, but this seemed to grow many meters in length. Interesting mushroom with centuries of medical use especially in Russia.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835613 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)07:21:41")

>Interesting mushroom with centuries of medical use especially in Russia.

Disclaimer to myself:
Medical use in folk medicine. There doesn't seem to be convincing evidence in clinical trials for use as anticarcinogenic."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835637 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)08:32:17" && image=="20181005_135842.jpg")

Ah sorry i forgot this pic, found it in my back yard in western Washington state"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835656 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)08:56:34" && image=="20181006_084528-1.jpg")

">Photo of mushroom unpicked, in it's habitat
See pic related
>In focus photo of the gills and stem
See next
>Detailed photo of the cap texture and any other notable features
>Your region and local, nation/country/state/principality, as detailed as you feel comfortable.
Northbay, Ontario, Canada"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835657 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)08:57:40" && image=="20181006_084550-1.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835659 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)08:59:21" && image=="20181006_084614-1.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835662 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)09:00:51" && image=="20181006_084744-1.jpg")

>Photo of mushroom unpicked, in it's habitat
See attached
>In focus photo of the gills and stem
See linked
>Detailed photo of the cap texture and any other notable features
>Your region and local, nation/country/state/principality, as detailed as you feel comfortable.
Same as before, Northbay, Ontario, Canada"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835663 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)09:02:00" && image=="20181006_084806-1.jpg")

Was growing at the stump of a dead birch"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835688 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)10:03:01")

">Photo of mushroom unpicked, in it's habitat
See attached
>In focus photo of the gills and stem
See linked
>Detailed photo of the cap texture and any other notable features
>Your region and local, nation/country/state/principality, as detailed as you feel comfortable.
This anon"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835690 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)10:04:05" && image=="20181006_094602.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835692 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)10:05:12" && image=="20181006_094744-1.jpg")

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835757 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)12:12:48")

Yep, not a Russula. Looks more like a Gomphidius, check your local species if some of the descriptions fit the one in your picture. Gomphidius subroseus for example looks pretty similar."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835760 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)12:16:26")


Looks like a Flammulina velutipes to me but the ones I tend to find doesn't have that dark stem all the way to the cap. Don't eat them based on my guess though."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835893 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)16:29:05" && image=="IMG_20181006_212356.jpg")

"Guys I picked some mushrooms today thinking that they are chanterelles. What do you think ?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835909 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)16:43:11" && image=="20181006_103219.jpg")

Thanks anon, here's a pic of the underside"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2835913 && dateTime=="10/06/18(Sat)16:49:30")

There are multiple ways to propagate other than using spent substrate from old blocks.

The classic method involves creating or buying a grain jar "master culture" which is grains colonized with the given fungus. When you want to grow the fungus, you sterilize jars of grain yourself, and under aseptic working conditions (not in open air, but a sterile space like under a flowhood or within a still-air-box SAB) you transfer a few grains from the master into the new jar.
The new jar will colonize if kept sterile, and then you have a new jar of grain spawn. This spawn is used to inoculate straw or sawdust or whatever bulk substrate you're using. The grain master represents your ongoing "culture" or source of the fungus as you repeatedly grow it. You can also store cultures on agar, either in a petri dish on agar, or inside a sealed tube with agar (that's a slant, what I sell). You use those cultures by taking small pieces and adding them to sterile grain.

You can't really use spores or tissue from a mushroom to grow more of it without using sterile grains or agar.
I can explain more of the process for taking a mushroom from the wild or that you've grown and turning it into a permanent culture, called cloning.

Gomphidius subroseus is likely.

That will help you navigate through some online dichotomous keys, but unfortunately I won't be able to help much with Hawaiian lepiotoids, there are just too many of them.

Not really, they actively reject eachother. Mycelium doesn't accept the presence of other species mycelium, they actively antagonize. If you were to take two mushrooms and splice them, they'd just rot. Mushroom tissue isn't really comparable to plant tissue.

Pretty! I would agree on the Cystoderma-ella group. Not too familiar with them.

Armillaria species, a "Honey Mushroom".

Also Armillaria.

I would agree on Flammulina.

Yes, true Chanterelles. Veins confirm."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836226 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)01:16:29" && image=="IMG_0606.jpg")

"Keep seeing these pop up lately, what are they?

>Under pine trees
>Decent amount of rainfall lately
>Mushroom pretty big, a few inches off the ground and a few inches cap diameter"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836228 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)01:17:29" && image=="IMG_0607.jpg")

Can take better pictures tomorrow if this isn't sufficient enough"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836233 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)01:24:37")

I agree having eaten some an hour ago, but don’t kill yourself if I’m wrong. There are some deadly lookalike species"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836236 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)01:28:28")

Amanita species. For a better chance of id include the very base of the mushroom in pics because the volva includes key features. Also if possible take a few pics of other caps as well, because the colours of Amanita tend to fade with age."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836237 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)01:30:17")

Not to chantarelles though. At least here. I also confirm, those are chantarelles."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836301 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)05:23:16")

Ok, so I'm going to order seeds colonized with mushroom. It's going to take a few days till they arrive so I have some time to get ready.

I like the jar method so things I need:
1. mason jars - thats easy, I have plenty of them lying around and I can sterilize them with isopropylalkohol.
2. seeds - I'm guessing it doesn't matter what kind of seeds, its just source of protein so something like bag of wheat seeds is good enough.
How do I sterilize them?
Do I use preasure cook like >>2835038 suggested?

After colonized seeds arrive I'll pop them to prepared jar and thats it?
Do they contaminate the whole jar without me needing to do anything?
Just put them in close the lid and wait? How long should I wait?

After the jar is full of contaminated seeds I'll take some to start growing and those steps are described in the pastebin so I think I know the rest.

I'm currently looking at two species of mushrooms. Pleurotus djamour (they look pretty cool) and shiitake (never had them so I want to try how they taste).
These species should be fine right? The oyster is in the OP pastebin and I'm guessing shiitake is the same thing (both are saprophytes)."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836368 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)07:49:30" && image=="15389128685411579295241.jpg")

"Found this one growng on a root near the base of a tree. Top is almost golden in color and everything is really corky/dry. Spore print is pure white
Is this a honey mushroom?
Found in South Texas."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836371 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)07:51:16" && image=="1538913011959134779958.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836479 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)12:03:10")

>Is this a honey mushroom?

Could be, but a blurry picture of a dried cap is defintely not enough for id."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836557 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)13:40:17" && image=="IMG_20181007_112032-1248x1664.jpg")

"Mycena from today. No idea about the exact species. Couldn't find anything from my field guides.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836580 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)14:27:57")

iso doesn't kill enough bacteria to keep it from growing. you need a pressure cooker, 15 psi 90 min, or less pressure with more time if you have an electric one. oats rye wild bird seed rye grass seed brown rice are all grains people have used. search up rye prep on shroomery, you will need to drill holes in the lids of your mason jars

the correct terminology is colonized and not contaminated, for future reference. you need to do the grain to grain transfer in a still air box or contaminants will fall in from the air. search grain to grain transfer on shroomery as well, they have guides on how to make a still air box.

both species are good, oyster i think is just more recommended for beginners cause it's more aggressive but if your sterile technique is good then shiitake should be fine"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836582 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)14:29:49")

and yeah you don't have to do anything when they colonize, maybe put them somewhere warm if you live in a cold place, monitor for contaminants and chuck those with green or non white or slimy growth"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836733 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)18:38:29")

Looks like a birch polypore"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836741 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)18:44:01")

There are no deadly lookalikes to chanterelles.

Alright, a few things, first off, I need to correct your terminology. Colonization is the event where your desired mycelium grows through a substrate, and is what you want to encourage by doing a grain to grain transfer.
Contamination is a negative term, and refers to when a wild fungus (mold) or bacteria is able to get inside the grains and start growing. They are "contaminating" the sterile grains or substrate.

Now then, in order to sterilize the seeds (I recommend buying whole wheat berries or oats, ensure they are whole, and not pressed or cracked), you will need a pressure cooker. There is no alternative method for a hobbyist grower. I recommend buying a Presto or All American brand pressure cooker, you don't need a huge one to start, you can just get one that will fit four or so jars.

Operate the pressure cooker as described in the guide, the goal is to bring the jars up to 15psi, and then hold them there for an hour.
After that, you have a jar of sterile grain that can be inoculated.

Making jars of grain is an art in and of itself, and there are a lot of nuances that seem minor, but make the difference between success and failure.
So you've bought your jars, there are a few things you need to do to them before filling with grains. I'll lay this out as simple as possible, I might end up just adding this to the pastebin:

-Buy jars with metal self-sealing lids (basically all lids with the red ring on the flat part)
-Buy polyfil pillow stuffing
-make sure you have a drill with a metal bit capable of creating a roughly 4/5cm hole or similar ( I think that's about 1/3rd an inch).
-Have a pressure cooker with rocker capable of reaching 15 psi safely
-Have whole grains and pot to boil them in
-clean place to store the jars
-large plastic tub that can be turned into a SAB (still-air-box), or if you wanted to jump in right away and be set, build a HEPA flowhood for about 200$."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836748 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)18:50:46")


-Drill a hole into the center of your jar, about 1/3rd an inch in diameter.
-Take a smaller lump of polyfil and twist it into a little rope, then fold it in half, and twist together again. Shove this into the hole, you want it as tight as possible. This might mean taking small plyers and pulling it through the other side. It takes some practice to find out the largest lump of polyfil you can get without it not fitting.

-Boil grains for about 15 minutes, or until they're soft enough to squish with a decent amount of pressure. You don't want a bunch of burst grains, so if you see them, you've over-boiled.
Pour into a colander and let drain, you might want to massage them with a towel, making sure the grains have a reasonably dry outside, and no standing water.
Load into jars, about 3/4 full, leaving a couple inches of open space at the top. Seal the lid on very tight, but not too tight to open.

-Run your PC as described in the guide, fill with water to the mark, place in jars, and bring up to 15 psi using the rocker that was provided.

-After an hour in 15psi, turn off the burner and let it cool completely. Let the jars cool overnight in the cooker. If you cool them in open air they can suck bad air in.

-You now have jars of sterile grain, ready to be inoculated with grain from the main jar.

Now I'm going to describe the process of creating an SAB. Because the grain is so nutritious, even just exposing the grains to the air inside your house will contaminate it, the only air they can have is air that's run through the filter. If you open them outside of a sterile space, they will be ruined. The catch is that you have to open them in order to add the colonized grains. The SAB provides a mostly sterile space for opening the jar and inoculating.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836755 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)19:00:23")


-Take your large clear plastic tub, atleast 10, preferably 15 gallons. You can get one at walmart for cheap. The clarity is important, since you need to see inside as you work.

-Flip the tub upside down, and cut two large holes, barely big enough to comfortably move your arms through. The plastic will crack easily, so be careful at this stage.

-Use a lighter to melt the sharp edges, so you won't scratch yourself up. You'll need tape and some foil to seal up the holes when you aren't working through them.

-Get some silicone caulk and run it around the edge of the lid, where the point of contact will be between the lid and the bottom. Allow it to set without the two touching. This is so that it's airtight once you close it. Make sure to add just enough silicone that you get a total seal when closed, but not too much that it won't close completely. This will depend on what model of tub you get.

-Once cured, you are all set to go.

Buy some lysol or other spray disinfectant, and bleach, as well as rubbing alcohol at 70%. Buy some powder-free gloves.

The whole working concept of an SAB is as folows:
The air around you, almost anywhere in the world, and especially if you have carpet, is completely loaded with fungal spores and bacteria. There is no escaping it. Given enough time, these particles will lose energy and fall out of the air, or stick to something on impact. In an SAB, you coat all the inner surfaces with a disinfectant in a thin layer, including the foil over the arm holes. After coating everything, you close the lid. Then, you let it sit for atleast an hour, maybe more if your home is dusty. During this hour, all the particles in the air will either settle to the bottom and get killed in the disinfectant, or they will hit the sides and stick, dying.
After the air has been "cleaned" you can now work inside this confined space without worrying about airborne contamination in your grain jars.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836761 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)19:11:17")


Using your SAB:
Do as I mentioned, first cover the holes with foil and tape to make a total seal, then coat the whole inside with disinfectant. Clean up the outside of your jars with bleach, using a towel that won't shed fibers, and clean up a smaller jar for a utensil. Fill the jar with isopropyl alcohol, enough to cover about 3" of a utensil, probably a butter knife. Decide on what type of utensil you want to use for the transfer of grains between the two jars. For someone without devoted tools, a butterknife can work. You want to wash it really well beforehand, dry it off, and then use a new clean towel soaked in bleach or lysol to totally wipe the knife down. Rinse it off with fresh water from a sink, shake it dry, and then dip the knife into the jar of rubbing alcohol.

Line up everything on the upside down lid of the tub, set on your working table. Everything you are going to be working with, the colonized jar, every jar you want to inoculate, the jar with alcohol and butterknife, all of it should be sitting on top of the upside-down lid.

Spritz the lid and everything on it with a light layer of disinfectant, and then close the tub by placing the top with holes in it on the lid and sealing it. Let it sit after closing for an hour.

Wash your hands and arms well, using a new clean towel to dry off. Then, take isopropyl and wipe all the way up to your elbows, or how far your arms will be in the SAB. After that drys, put on some new gloves, and wipe the gloves with isopropyl. Then, use a finger to punch a hole in the two foil pieces covering the holes, then just push your arms in and let the foil contour to your arm. Don't pull them back out for the duration of the working period.

Take the knife out of the jar and set it down, let it dry off. A little bit of wetness from alcohol is fine, it probably won't completely dry inside the box. Set it sideways on top of the jar, taking care not to touch the tip at all, only the handle.

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836767 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)19:19:42" && image=="index.jpg")


Loosen the screw ring on the colonized jar (leave the disc sealed on), and the jars you are about to inoculate. The, picking up the knife in your non-dominant hand, use the other to pry open the lid of the colonized jar. Then, pop open the disc on the new jar. Set both lids upside-down on an open area on the SAB floor. Use the knife to loosen some grain, less than an inch down. After loosening, set the knife down without letting the tip touch anything (sideways on the rim of the alcohol jar works). Lift the colonized jar and pour the loose grains into the new jar. Set it back down, and reseal the new jar. Set it to the side. Repeat this process for each new jar, making sure to not let the knife tip touch anything but the grains of the colonized jar.

Once done, seal up the colonized jar, and double check that all the lids on all jars are fully sealed.

Done! You can open the SAB and remove everything at this point, since all jars are closed.

The whole methodology behind this kind of work is completely reliant on something called "sterile technique" and the idea that you are not transferring contamination between anything in your workspace. This is far easier said than done, and is absolutely the most difficult part of mushroom growing. If you do all this, and a jar contaminates, a big part of learning is being able to tell why the jar got contaminated, what step was done wrong that resulted in contamination being introduced.

Because of this long and risky process, most beginners just bite the bullet and buy premade grain spawn for a long time before making the jump into sterile technique needed to make their own grain. It generally takes a lot of practice to get right.

I hope all this doesn't scare you off! And unfortunately, there isn't any way around all these precautions when making grain jars. A single speck of dust will ruin an entire grain jar, they are not easy to make. That said, the capability of making your own spawn is enormous!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2836770 && dateTime=="10/07/18(Sun)19:21:08")

Definitely need better pics of a whole mushroom, not blurry pictures of a damaged fragment."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837080 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)00:55:14")

question, why do you recommend iso disinfection of the knife? if you ran everything through the pressure cooker to avoid iso, doesn't the knife add in a contamination vector? i've heard flame sterilization but that seems crazy if your knife is big for grain to grain"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837171 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)03:25:35")

Thanks a lot!
After reading this and few posts on shroomery, I'm kind of overwhelmed.
To be honest I didn't expect it to be such of a difficult task with the need to achieve laboratory like sterile conditions.
I'm going to save this for later and just buy few spawn grains and have fun trying to grow them. If they grow and I have fun doing it then I'll build my own SAB and take the mushroom growing to the next level.

Also deffinitely add this to the next revision of the OP pastebin, this is lot of useful info."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837215 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)05:05:58")

You could definitely PC the knife, that would make more sense. Ideally, you would get it as sterile as possible, but bleaching and then ISO'ing the blade would leave it clean enough for contact with colonized grains, but not sterile grains. I am lucky enough to have a cleanroom, so I basically just got that whole routine written up on the fly while consulting various sources and deciding what would be cheapest for a beginner.

Yes, ideally you would have a utensil that you can flame-sterilize inside the SAB, so that you could do multiple transfers with different species.

And yes, that's understandable. The need for a clean environment seems somewhat simple to achieve, but in practice is difficult with a steep learning curve. Most beginners spend quite a while just buying spawn and working with that and different kits. Once you get sucked in enough, you'll dive into everything else!

There are also some methods that utilize syringes, to where you don't need any hood or SAB since none of the containers are ever opened, syringes are use to transfer cultures from jars of liquid culture to polypropylene bags of grain. If you want to know more about the needle methods, I can add some more info!"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837225 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)05:28:40")

This just seem so crazy and different than everything I've done so far when it comes to growing things.

I've grown countless of house plants, trees (bonsai not weed) all sorts of vegetable etc and now this where in order to propagate oyster muschroom you need to make laboratory like enviroment. I'm trying to grow oysters here, not to cook meth.

The syringe method is interesting but for now, baby steps. First I'll try to grow 1 mushroom and see how it goes."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837283 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)08:07:30" && image=="IMG_20181008_123331.jpg")

"I think that I've found some field mushrooms. Am I correct ?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837284 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)08:09:04" && image=="IMG_20181008_123352.jpg")

Another picture"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837287 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)08:16:26")

I dont know why, but this thread gives me weird nostalgia
>my dad was always big on mushrooms
>would always take me on bushwalks and took tons of photos of mushrooms (mostly for wikipedia or some shit)
>remember he had a big ass book with a pic similar to op
>see tons of nerds talking about mushrooms like my dad
It's really bizarre, but comfy. one time we saw some glow in the dark mushrooms really late at night, it was cool."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837375 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)11:50:32")

Seems like an Agaricus, but there's a lot of different species so I don't start guessing."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837411 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)12:19:53")

yah bud honestly first thing to do is to grow out your little block, maybe buy some spawn or some premade kit. it is more important that the first experience be fun than to jump into growing a ton immediately, you can get some good results being nonsterile with oyster if you're just going from spawn to substrate. save a mushroom from your first grow and clone it on agar, just come ask when it grows and it will be fun to take it from babby spore to mushroom i think

i see, that's pretty interesting, good point about the colonized grain. i have seen some recommend just pouring the grain but i haven't done grain to grain yet, kind of an armchair mycologist right now rather than an experienced one.

haha fucking stick around man, we could use the company"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837419 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)12:23:33")

Sure thing, i'm not too bright about mushrooms, but i sure am [spoiler]a fun guy[/spoiler]"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837430 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)12:29:23" && image=="IMG_20181008_172739.jpg")

Another better picture. I'm in the UK."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837433 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)12:30:38")

Will do. I'll share some pics once I get started."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837485 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)13:17:16")

Seems like an Agaricus again, but I don't wan't to give bad advice, so instead check the scent. Does it have a distinct aroma? Bruising reaction is also essential in identification of Agaricus. When bruised or cut they may have a colour reaction. With this info the thread mycologist could possibly give you a better id."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2837501 && dateTime=="10/08/18(Mon)13:36:10")

Thanks for your help.
it smells nice (like a mushroom)
bruises light pink"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2838189 && dateTime=="10/09/18(Tue)01:04:05")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2838519 && dateTime=="10/09/18(Tue)11:06:28")

"What ratio of spawn to straw would you guys recommend for King Oysters?
For some reason I had to go up to something like 50% by weight otherwise the straw would not fully colonise. Or is there a good supplement thats not overly prone to contamination?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2838606 && dateTime=="10/09/18(Tue)12:42:08" && image=="IMG_20181009_112826.jpg")

"Found these wonderful paneaolus subbalteatus growing in my yard. So blessed. Verified by conical cap, mottled purplish brown gills, jet black spore print, light minimal bluing on white mycelial growth at base of some stems, most have no bluing. Growing in grassy yard, fruited October 7th in zone 6a.";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2840423 && dateTime=="10/11/18(Thu)13:01:04")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2840717 && dateTime=="10/11/18(Thu)17:21:17")

"? what keeps happening to the other fungi thread? are we posting it too much or something?

next time someone posts it, use updated pastebin and dont include discord link"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841038 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)01:09:31")

Threads stop getting bumped after a certain amount of posts (300 or 500 depending on the board) and slowly end up getting pruned in time"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841045 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)01:12:45" && image=="IMG_20181011_155420971.jpg")

"Hawaii Anon here. Found a bunch of cool mushrooms I've never seen before growing in my yard.

Here's one that was growing in a cluster on the roots of a living tree after stormy night and muggy/hot morning.


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841055 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)01:29:10" && image=="IMG_20181011_155417171~2.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841057 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)01:30:24" && image=="IMG_20181011_154343665~2.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841108 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)02:33:21" && image=="1.jpg")

"look at these weird motherfuckers";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841111 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)02:38:15" && image=="2.jpg")

"no ones been able to tell me wtf they are for years";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841183 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)04:52:19")

I-Is he kill?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841235 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)07:08:42")

Crucibulum laeve"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841345 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)11:23:26")

"Nice thread. Thank y'all";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841531 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)16:03:11")

Lucky guy"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841609 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)17:30:27")

"Does anyone know if Lions mane will fruit in 75F - 80F weather? I want to order a kit but not sure if it will be wasted";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841629 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)17:55:09")

"For anyone that has done agar work, does parafilm really make a difference with your petri dish? Where and how do you store you sterile agar/petri dish?";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841737 && dateTime=="10/12/18(Fri)20:29:12")

>Crucibulum laeve
wild stuff thanks"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2841957 && dateTime=="10/13/18(Sat)00:46:14")

"I grow more gourmet mushrooms than I can consume, so I dehydrate a lot and turn the excess into powder.

What are the legalities behind selling mushroom powder online? Do I need to register as a business?"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2842091 && dateTime=="10/13/18(Sat)04:07:48")

Depends on the continent, country, state and mushroom species. I'm baffled we still get guestions like these."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2842395 && dateTime=="10/13/18(Sat)13:53:39")

It depens on the strain. Over 75 would be pushing it, they generally like 65-70. Worth a try though, there are a lot of strains sold to be fruited indoors on a countertop, one of those should work.

It helps seal the dish off from contaminants, but can make condensation worse. I use masking tape and it works fine.
You have to store them in some kind of clean enclosed container, or else ambient air exposure will contaminate them. A little plastic tub with a lid will work, ideally a non-clear one for keeping out light.

Yeah, depends on the state. A lot of states have differing regulations for unprepared, raw mushrooms being sold, (no permit needed), but consider powdered mushrooms a prepared product, requiring an inspected and certified kitchen, as well as a permit."

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2842698 && dateTime=="10/13/18(Sat)20:14:39")

glorious post"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2842790 && dateTime=="10/13/18(Sat)22:26:49" && image=="IMG_5608.jpg")

"Can someone identify this mushroom?

- Jonathan Dickinson State Park, Southeast Florida"

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2842974 && dateTime=="10/14/18(Sun)04:16:19" && image=="IMG_20181013_141105.jpg")

"Is this oyster mushroom?
Found it on old apple tree, europe.

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2842976 && dateTime=="10/14/18(Sun)04:17:25" && image=="IMG_20181013_141116.jpg")


if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2843027 && dateTime=="10/14/18(Sun)05:53:29" && image=="IMG_20181014_105207.jpg")

"Are those chanterelles? Found them on a mossy ground in a forest. UK";

if(Anonymous && title=="" && postNumber==2843072 && dateTime=="10/14/18(Sun)07:48:16")

Seems more like a Pleurotus dryinus. Someone just make a new /fungi/ already. This doesn't bump anymore. And none of that discord bullshit this time."